50 Amazing Facts About Earth

Planet Earth Facts

Earth Facts
The highest point is 13, ft 4, m above sea level; the flanks of Mauna Loa continue another 16, ft 5, m below sea level to the seafloor; and the volcano's central portion has depressed the seafloor another 26, ft 8, m in the shape of an inverted cone, reflecting the profile of the volcano above it. February 27, at 6: March 10, at 6: At this distance, it takes about 8 minutes and 19 seconds for sunlight to reach our planet. Image credit — NASA 4.

About Earth’s formation, location, speed, composition, the existence of life

Earth Facts: 67 Interesting Facts About Earth

The deepest spot on Earth is under the ocean in the Mariana Trench at 35, feet below sea level. Its pretty simple actually. Go to a website, download a mod from it, and load it into Minecraft Or, copy a link, and paste it into a command block.

Anything wrong with that? This is really some unique information. But these are not the only interesting facts about earth as our planet is full of several interesting facts. Midget people are small, they are obviously people. Thank you all sosos much for not being nasty i mean you all should look on neptune look at all the comments that is just gross i come on here to learn more and i am not trying to be in there stuff but i really dont like the words they use and there is little kids on this page my little sister is 10 and in the 5th grade and she showed me this page i was like oh my gosh really.

Venus is the hottest planet because it has clouds that trap all the heat inside making it even hotter. Yes Evolution is stupid so try not to believe in Evolution believe in our only God our faithful and merciful God. And all you idiots trying to be funny and comment about random things, do us all a favor and grow up. No I really would NOT like to know that I will explode in around 7 billion years, thank you very much. I hope we have all learned somthing new and exciting.

God made this universe and I have proof!. If the Earth was formed how scientists say and humans were made from gorillas, who made gorillas and other animals? Actually, the Earth kinda has two moons. GOD created earth full of fun facts. But — it is NOT as old as you say on this page. God made this universe 2. But a long time ago we could have… during the time of the Romans and stuff.

He sent His Son to save the world and to save the people of the world. Dear earth Help me. Your best pal mercury. Im so gladd My friend discovored it for mee….

Welp,Im out so Deuces -Lexus. The Earth is the densest planet in the Solar System. Troposphere km , Ozone Layer km , Stratosphere km , Mesosphere km , and Thermosphere km 5. Earth is the fifth largest planet in the Solar System. The Diameter of the Earth is 12, km 7, miles 7. The magnetic poles of the Earth gradually flip flop about every , to , years.

March 12, at 8: March 12, at 7: February 8, at 3: February 8, at 2: February 7, at 6: February 2, at 5: February 1, at 7: January 24, at 9: January 9, at 6: December 15, at 1: December 7, at 8: November 11, at 8: November 11, at 7: Tides in oceans on Earth happen due to the force of gravitation between the Earth and the moon.

Moon pulls up water in oceans and even in lakes, due to its gravitational force. Earth has just one moon whereas Jupiter has 67 moons. The moon radius — 1, kilometer is the fifth largest moon in the Solar System after Ganymede orbits: Jupiter , Titan orbits: Saturn , Callisto orbits: Jupiter , and Io orbits: The same side of the moon is always facing the Earth, meaning the moon is in synchronous rotation with the Earth. FYI — there are known natural moons that are orbiting the full-size and dwarf planets in our solar system.

Earth is the only known planet that supports life. However, attempts are underway to help life survive on other planets like Mars. It is also the only planet not to be named after a Greek or Roman god.

Jupiter is named after the king of Roman gods and Uranus is named after the Greek god of the sky. Earth was once believed to be the center of the Universe and scientists believed that the Sun and other planets revolved around it. However, this assumption was proved incorrect.

Because of the presence of inner Nickel-Iron core, Earth has a strong magnetic field. This magnetic field is also responsible for preventing heavy solar winds from blowing on the Earth and causing damage to various life forms. In Cameroon and on the border of Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo there are three deadly lakes: Nyos, Monoun and Kivu. All three are crater lakes that sit above volcanic earth.

Magma below the surface releases carbon dioxide into the lakes, resulting in a deep, carbon dioxide-rich layer right above the lakebed. That carbon dioxide can be released in an explosion, asphyxiating any passersby. One-of-a-Kind Places on Earth ]. As the climate changes, glaciers are retreating and contributing to rising sea levels. It turns out that one particular glacier range is contributing a whopping 10 percent of all the meltwater in the world. That honor belongs to the Canadian Arctic, which lost a volume equivalent to 75 percent of Lake Erie between and Humans leave our mark on the planet in all sorts of weird ways.

For example, nuclear tests in the s threw a dusting of radioactivity into the atmosphere. Those radioactive particles eventually fell as rain and snow, and some of that precipitation got trapped in glaciers, where it forms a little "you are here" layer for scientists trying to date the age of glacial ice.

Some glaciers are melting so fast, however, that this half-century of history is gone. Feng Yu Shutterstock Earth used to be purple It used to be purple … well, life on early Earth may have been just as purple as it is green today, suspects Shil DasSarma, a microbial geneticist at the University of Maryland. Ancient microbes, he said, might have used a molecule other than chlorophyll to harness the sun's rays, one that gave the organisms a violet hue, he suggests. DasSarma thinks chlorophyll appeared after another light-sensitive molecule called retinal was already present on early Earth.

Retinal, today found in the plum-colored membrane of a photosynthetic microbe called halobacteria, absorbs green light and reflects back red and violet light, the combination of which appears purple. The idea may explain why even though the sun transmits most of its energy in the green part of the visible spectrum, chlorophyll absorbs mainly blue and red wavelengths.

Thunder and lightning reveal our planet's fiercer side. A single stroke of lightning can heat the air to around 54, degrees Fahrenheit 30, degrees Celsius , according to educational website Windows to the Universe, causing the air to expand rapidly. That ballooning air creates a shock wave and ultimately a boom, better known as thunder. The Science of Lightning ]. The oceans cover some 70 percent of Earth's surface, yet humans have only explored about 5 percent, meaning 95 percent of the planet's vast seas have never been seen.

And this is fascinating: Some million years ago, there was just one continent, a massive supercontinent called Pangaea. And thus there was just one giant sea, called Panthalassa. But don't grab your mining hat just yet, the metal is so dilute that each liter of seawater contains, on average, about 13 billionths of a gram of gold. Undissolved gold is also tucked away in rocks on the seafloor, and though there's not efficient way of getting at that precious metal, according to NOAA, if we could extract all of it, each person on Earth could have 9 pounds of the shiny stuff.

Every day our planet is sprinkled with fairy dust … or dust from the heavens. On a daily basis, about tons of interplanetary material mostly in the form of dust drifts down to the Earth's surface.

The tiniest particles are released by comets as their ices vaporize near the sun. The Earth is approximately 93 million miles million kilometers from the sun. At this distance, it takes about 8 minutes and 19 seconds for sunlight to reach our planet. How Far is Earth from the Sun? Many researchers think some large object crashed into Earth long ago, and the resulting debris coalesced to form our moon.

It is unclear though if that colliding object was a planet, asteroid or comet, with some scientists thinking a Mars-size hypothetical world named Theia was the instigator. The Earth's continents are thought to have collided to become supercontinents and broken apart again several times in Earth's 4. The most recent supercontinent was Pangaea , which began to break apart about million years ago; the landmasses that comprised Pangaea eventually wandered into the current configuration of continents.

While the shifting slabs of rocks called tectonic plates are unseen to us, some of their effects are monumental. Take the Himalayas, which stretch 1, miles 2, km along the border between India and Tibet.

This immense mountain range began to form between 40 million and 50 million years ago, when India and Eurasia, driven by plate movement, collided. The tectonic crash led to the jagged Himalayan peaks.

Hawaii's Kilauea volcano does pop its top rather frequently, it's not Earth's most active erupter. That title goes to the Stromboli Volcano, off the west coast of southern Italy, which has been erupting nearly continuously for over 2, years, according to the U.

Its spectacular incandescent explosions have earned it the moniker "Lighthouse of the Mediterranean. The largest volcanic eruption recorded by humans occurred in April , the peak of the explosion of Mount Tambora. The eruption ranked 7 or "super-colossal" on the Volcanic Explosivity Index VEI , which goes from 1 to 8 and is somewhat akin to the magnitude scale for earthquakes. The explosion is said to have been so loud it was heard on Sumatra Island, more than 1, miles 1, km away.

The death toll from the eruption was estimated at 71, people, and clouds of heavy ash descended on many far-away islands. Coastlines cover about 20 percent of U. The Pacific Ocean is by far Earth's largest ocean basin, covering an area of about 59 million square miles million square kilometers and containing more than half of the free water on Earth, according to NOAA.

It's so big that all of the world's continents could fit into the Pacific basin. When we think about big life, whales and elephants come to mind.

But try on this tree for size: The General Sherman giant sequoia is the largest known stem tree by volume on the planet.

The trunk of the tree contains slightly more than 52, cubic feet 1, If you want to pinpoint the biggest organism on the planet, though, your best bet might be a really huge fungus. In , scientists reporting in Nature revealed to the world a Armillaria , or honey mushroom, fungal organism that spans 2, acres in Oregon. On the other end of the spectrum, there are plenty of teeny-tiny organisms on Earth, all the way down to single-cell life.

But let's focus on something a little more cuddly: This vulnerable species found in southeast Asia is only about 1 inch millimeters long and weighs only 0. Stay away from Manila. This city in the Philippines is the most densely populated in the world, with the most people crammed into the smallest city limits outlying suburbs don't count. As of the census, 1,, people lived in Lovers of solitude might try Greenland on for size.