History of the Internet

Bulletin of the World Health Organization

Experiment and Non-experiment
But this sort of story helps show how skeptical one should be of media reporting about statistics and likely about other things as well. Many of the websites make claims about the effectiveness of using hypnotism in learning a second language, and many sell products they claim will greatly speed up the learning process. Can you beat the game? Best Practices in Mental Health, 8 2 , Your password and your personal data is secured and you are protected from hacker attacks.

JEL classification

Breastfeeding policy: a globally comparative analysis

The individual file system's mount count may be changed so that they will be checked on a different reboot. Perform the previous command on all the filesystems to obtain their mount counts. Next change the mount counts for some of them. For home users who routinely shutdown and boot their systems, one can increase the maximum mount count: If the system crashes due to power outage etc If not you may get the following message:.

Other journaled file systems: For files larger than 2Gb use XFS. This will map a raw device to a blocked device for an entire disk partition. The above information applies to Red Hat distributions. This info may be different for other distributions. You can mimic Red Hat behavior with a symbolic link: Also see man page for: Configuration file for useradd command: The default shell is called bash bsh and is a cross of the UNIX ksh and csh command shells.

The fine-grained access control architecture is supported in the Linux kernel. System processes and files including socket descriptors, IPC's, devices, For tar backups which preserve SELinux file and directory policies, see star discussed in Linux backups and archiving below. If you are planning to administer the system, one would login as root to perform the tasks.

In many instances one would be logged in as a user and wish to perform some "root" sys-admin tasks. The su command was issued with a trailing "-" which means that the login process will follow the login steps of the user and will execute its profiles. Since no user id was given, the default is root user.

This all would be equivalent to: Some systems may be configured so that only the switch user su command may be required without all of the X-window configuration. Also see the man pages for: View your public key: Your system is ready. Remove your public key: Red Hat package up2date - now depricated. The purpose is to protect you from using a corrupt or hacked RPM. Once these command are performed, you are ready to use the RPM command. This is also required for the YUM commands below.

The following RPM installation warning will inform you of the key to obtain: Here is how to install some old libraries on your newer system without corrupting your current installation.

Select the red dot and exclamation mark icon on the toolbar to launch up2date and follow the GUI. One may also use the command line if managing a remote server. This works quite well but it is not perfect. When up2date finds the first messed up dependency it stops to tells you. You then have to unselect the package. It then starts again from the beginning. Installing a new package with up2date: If the package is not currently installed, it will be downloaded and installed, along with any dependencies that package requires.

YUM will resolve RPM package dependencies and manage the importation and installation of dependencies. YUM is also capable of upgrading across releases. One can upgrade Red Hat Linux 7 and 8 to 9. Red Hat 8 and 9 can be upgraded to Fedora Core. Note that RHEL6 is the first release of the enterprise product which can be upgraded to the next release. Many times I have found that I can get the following errors:.

Groups go beyond packages and dependancies. It is a collective group of supporting not dependent packages and tools. YumEx will allow you to manage the RPM packages on your system. The command rdist helps the system administrator install software or update files across many machines. The process is launched from one computer. For more info see the rdist man page and rdistd man page section 8: Also see the rsync man page to migrate file changes.

The command rsync helps the system administrator synchronize files on two separate computers. This is ideal for web site maintenance. The lastlog command prints time stamp of the last login of system users. Many system and server application programs such as Apache, generate log files. If left unchecked they would grow large enough to burden the system and application. The logrotate program will periodically backup the log file by renaming it. The program will also allow the system administrator to set the limit for the number of logs or their size.

There is also the option to compress the backed up files. These are created by applying a "sticky" bit: These programs should be watched as they are often the first point of entry for hackers. Thus it is prudent to run this command and remove the "sticky" bits from executables which either won't be used or are not required by users. These are preconfigured schedules. Specify each context separately: Try this method if you get the following error: The at command will schedule single jobs.

More commands may be entered. When done enter "control-d". The system time is initialized during boot by syncing OS time to the hardware time. It is common for web servers to set their clocks to GMT0 time as their audience is worldwide and GMT is the only true standard time. Your local office server would most likely be set to local time. Amount of Federal Funding Universities and company founders were asked to estimate the amount of federal funding that contributed to the foundational research at the root of their technology.

Federal Funding Agencies The foundational federal research funding for the companies highlighted in Volume 3 of the Sparking Economic Growth report was provided by nine separate federal agencies. Transformational Innovations The innovations behind the Sparking Economic Growth companies touch all aspects of society and the economy.

Research-Driven Success Of the companies profiled in previous editions of the Sparking Economic Growth report, 88 percent remain operational today or have successfully merged with or been acquired by another company. Filter Results Database Filters Use the options below to filter the database results. Year Founded Volume Heart failure occurs in more than 3. This blood test will enable the optimization of the intervention by providing a simple, reliable, convenient to administer and cost-effective diagnostic tool.

The PulsePredict blood test is based on technology developed by Dr. Dudley discovered that the biomarker changes in the heart leading to sudden cardiac death could also be detected in blood, allowing for a simple diagnostic test.

For homeowners, Ondo enables them to heat or cool their home based on how much they want to spend on electricity, not just on how comfortable they want to be. Acomni was started to put homeowners in control of their heating and cooling budget.

Acomni had its genesis in an algorithm created by Dr. Johnathan Sprinkle of the University of Arizona. While working with autonomous sensors to reconstruct river currents he realized that the analysis of river current flows could be applied to HVAC flows throughout a house. Sprinkle developed the algorithm to do this and then he and his research team applied for the National Science Foundation Innovation Corps competition. Participation in I-Corps allowed them to fully develop their idea and flesh out its commercial value.

After being recognized as the best of 27 I-Corps teams, the group founded Acomni. Harvey Silverman and Dr. This technology, now used by Acoustic Magic, has revolutionized microphones. The speaker can move about the room freely and be heard with great clarity. The technology is also used for speech dictation.

Silverman was supported by grants from the National Science Foundation. The Company's technology enables coatings to outperform all known alternatives in characteristics such as adhesion, stain resistance, scratch resistance and water and oil repellency. Currently Aculon is focused on two platforms: The story of Aculon begins with the quest of Dr.

Jeffrey Schwartz, Princeton chemistry professor, who sought to understand why orthopedic implants often failed after only years of use. He wanted to see if new approaches to modification of the surfaces of implant materials could be achieved to improve their lifetimes. Schwartz and Bruner invented new surface chemistry to control interfacial properties of indium tin oxide ITO. This scheme was novel in its ability to attach molecules with tunable properties thereby controlling the properties of the electrode itself.

Materials Funding from the National Science Foundation supported the research behind the discoveries and technologies that led to Aculon. Adarza products address broad quantitative analyte detection applications, including cancer biomarkers, drug and vaccine development, allergy, immunology and infectious diseases research. Adarza Biosystems is a leading developer and manufacturer of label-free biosensor assays and instruments servicing life science research, drug development and in vitro diagnostics customers.

Biomedical The work conducted at the University of Rochester was supported by research funding from the National Institutes of Health. Department of Agriculture, the University of Virginia has led research into adenosine, a molecule found in all cells. The body uses adenosine to signal inflammation and tissue injury. Understanding this compound has the potential to unleash therapies to treat heart disease, diabetes, arthritis, cancer and atherosclerosis.

Joel Linden, University of Virginia professor of cardiovascular medicine and Timothy MacDonald, University of Virginia professor of chemistry recognized the power of this research. They collaborated with business leader Robert Capon to establish a startup company based around University of Virginia patents in this area.

At the end of , ATL reacquired many of its programs, including Stedivaze. Stedivaze is now more than half way through Phase III trials. In collaboration with many different researchers, the company participated in a large number of Small Business Innovation Research grants, thereby enabling basic and translational research with federal funding. In addition, tens of millions of dollars of University of Virginia basic research grants have been won using Adenosine Therapeutics compounds, and over scientific papers have been published on the pharmacology and physiology of adenosine.

The company has given over one million dollars to the University of Virginia Patent Foundation, employed numerous University of Virginia students, and has also participated in business school cases at the Darden Business School. Advaita's software platform, Pathway-Guide, is used for the analysis of data from high-throughput microarray and next-generation sequencing experiments.

Pathway-Guide is the first tool in a new generation of pathway analysis technologies available on the market that incorporates the topology of the pathway into the analysis. Advaita's mission is to bridge the gap between the ability to collect biological data and the ability to interpret it through the use of advanced computational methods. The genesis of the technology and its initial development took place in the laboratory of Dr. Sorin Draghici, professor of computer science at Wayne State University.

Draghici aimed to create a novel technology for the analysis of biological networks with significant transformative potential for a number of life-science related disciplines that could be used as a predictor of the effectiveness of a drug on a gene.

Draghici and his research team hoped to create a technology that opened a window to view the impact of a drug on an entire organism, essentially creating a roadmap for the potential benefits and pitfalls of any potential drug. Advanced Diamond Technologies ADT harnesses the superlative properties of nature's perfect material by turning natural gas into diamond in a highly controlled, reproducible process for a variety of industrial, electronic and medical applications.

The research of senior scientists Dr. John Carlisle and Dr. John Carlisle Their work was part of a year Department of Energy-funded basic materials science research program in advanced diamond materials.

Based on more than 20 years of innovative work by Yvonne Paterson, PhD, Professor of Microbiology at the University of Pennsylvania, it has been found that the unique microbe Listeria monocytogenes is capable of stimulating numerous aspects of the immune system simultaneously, coordinating innate, humoral antibody and cellular adaptive immune responses in an extremely effective response to existing cancers and other diseases. Biomedical The basic research at the University of Pennsylvania that led to the development of this technology was supported by research grants from the National Institutes of Health.

The company is poised to lead the industry in modulating the extremes of amino acid metabolism with its lead product candidate, AEB, being investigated for the treatment of patients with Arginase I deficiency and certain types of cancer.

Aeglea is a biotechnology company developing recombinant human enzymes for the treatment of genetic rare diseases and cancers associated with abnormal amino acid metabolism. Blending discovery, technology and drug development is key to success. However, taking protein therapeutics to the clinic requires a very significant investment of time and funding. George Georgiou licensed the intellectual property on two human therapeutic programs from the University of Texas at Austin to a company he founded and self-funded at the seed stage.

Several of the technologies licensed resulted from National Institutes of Health funding. As company co-founder Dr. Having a background in biomedical research, I recognized this discovery as an exciting opportunity to address a critical need among patients who have extremely limited treatment options, which is a guiding principle of our company. The company got its start when the UCLA researchers, funded by the National Institutes of Health, discovered genes associated with certain solid tumor cancers.

These discoveries led to the development of antibody treatments for those cancers. The company has discovered and developed a large portfolio of novel clinically relevant targets for prostate, bladder, pancreatic, and kidney cancers.

When Astellas Pharma acquired Agensys in , a portion of the selling price went to UCLA as part of a groundbreaking licensing agreement in which the university received part equity in the firm as partial consideration. The early goal was to discover genes and develop drugs to use in the treatment of prostate cancer. Biofilms that form in the human body are up to ten thousand times more resistant to antibiotics and immune systems than free-floating bacteria.

In agriculture, every year billions of dollars of crops are lost due to the formation of biofilms. Industrial needs for effective biofilm dispersion include surface coatings and cleansing products. Agile Sciences technology is based on a family of novel organic compounds that have potent anti-biofilm properties. The molecular architecture of the compounds is highly tunable for addressing specific needs in a diverse array of product markets.

Melander focuses on defining small molecules that inhibit and disperse bacterial biofilms and Dr. Cavanagh is an expert in protein structural biology, particularly in how bacteria are able to protect themselves. Agilis Biotherapeutics is advancing innovative DNA therapeutics designed to provide long-term efficacy for patients with debilitating, often fatal, rare genetic diseases that affect the central nervous system. Weeber received a grant from the National Institutes of Health to establish the viability of three distinct therapeutic strategies to ameliorate the severe cognitive impairments exhibited by AS individuals.

Agilis exclusively licensed the gene therapy technology developed by Dr. Biomedical The work conducted at the University of South Florida was supported by research funding from the National Institutes of Health.

With a highly specialized team of physicians and researchers, the company uses cutting-edge techniques to develop treatments for patients who have diseases caused by broken genes. A single injection provides long-lasting treatment, leading to a better quality of life for patients worldwide.

AGTC is developing treatments for rare eye diseases, offering hope to patients with unmet medical needs. The innovative delivery method AGTC uses is the non-toxic adeno-associated virus AAV , a safe virus that delivers healthy copies of the gene, replacing defective copies. Nicholas Muzyczka, a microbiology professor at the University of Florida, was the first scientist to demonstrate the use of an AAV as a vector for transporting the corrective genes used in gene therapy.

His work in the field spanned decades and was supported by the National Eye Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health. Barry Byrne and Dr. Knowing that they were onto something significant, the scientists approached large pharmaceutical companies about conducting clinical trials of the gene therapy treatments.

Turned down by these companies, Dr. Biomedical The work at the University of Florida was supported by research funding from the National Institutes of Health. Akamai has deployed the most pervasive, highly-distributed cloud optimization platform with over , servers in 81 countries within over 1, networks.

It delivers between percent of all Web traffic, with daily Web traffic reaching more than 10 Terabits per second. Akamai is the leading global service provider for accelerating content and business processes online.

Tom Leighton, a renowned expert on parallel algorithms and architecture and head of the Algorithms Group at MIT's Laboratory for Computer Science, recognized that a solution to web congestion could be found in applied mathematics and algorithms. He solicited the help of graduate student Danny Lewin, and several other top researchers, to tackle the problem.

Their research was published in Akamai obtained an exclusive license to certain intellectual property from MIT, and development efforts began in the fall of The company launched commercial service in April The novel delivery mechanism behind Akrivis was originally developed by Dr. Khaw to identify cardiac cell death.

ALEKS assessment and learning technologies were originally developed by a team of cognitive scientists and software engineers at the University of California, Irvine, with major funding from the National Science Foundation. ALEKS is founded on ground-breaking research in mathematical cognitive science and applied mathematics. ALEKS has been used by millions of students in more than 50 academic subjects ranging from basic math to precalculus at thousands of institutions throughout the world.

ALEKS Corporation is a leader in the creation of web-based, artificially intelligent educational software. Jean-Claude Falmagne assembled a team of software engineers, mathematicians, and cognitive scientists at University of California, Irvine.

These tests have the potential to enable the early diagnosis, staging and informed treatment of lung cancer and other lung diseases. The company has developed a molecular testing platform that is based on the discovery of a genomic biomarker for lung cancer. This platform has generated multiple product candidates that analyze specific changes in gene expression in epithelial cells of the airway, which are associated with the development in lung cancer in current or former tobacco smokers.

Allegro Diagnostics was spun off from research by Dr. Avrum Spira and Dr. Brody wanted to address a major public health issue: Brody leveraged the concept that molecular alterations in relatively accessible epithelial cells that line the upper airway could serve as biomarkers for the early detection of lung cancer among smokers. They developed a gene-expression signature in these cells that can accurately distinguish smokers with lung cancer from those without the disease and serve as a clinically relevant biomarker.

In nature, plants produce minute quantities of terpenes to serve a number of different functions. Some are flavors and fragrances, others are anti-fungal and anti-viral and still others are insect repellents. Despite their enormous potential commercial value to the flavor and fragrance, insect repellent and pharmaceutical industries, terpenes have been underexploited because of high production costs.

Nookatone, one of three sesquiterpenes that Allylix is working with, is a grapefruit flavor that will be produced using yeast grade fermentation.

Allyix recently licensed technology to a leading clean technology company to produce a specific class of terpenes for use in the development of fuels and fuel additives. Allylix was acquired by Evolva in In , many people were touting fiber optic cables as the answer to growing consumer demand for bandwidth.

Amati Communications Corporation began as a research project by Prof. This interaction provides unique insight into abnormalities in healthy appearing tissue that are too small to be seen with an endoscope or microscope.

American BioOptics LLC ABO is a medical device company founded to commercialize a novel optical technology platform for cancer screening and detection.

Amyris applies its industrial synthetic biology platform to convert plant sugars into a variety of molecules -- flexible building blocks that can be used in a wide range of products. This building block molecule forms the basis for a wide range of products from specialty products such as cosmetics, perfumes, detergents and industrial lubricants, to transportation fuels such as diesel and jet fuel.

A variety of new molecules with different applications are under development. Amyris is a renewable products company providing sustainable alternatives to a broad range of petroleum-sourced products. AnswerDash provides this help by overlaying onto the periphery of existing web pages a small tab that, when clicked by visitors, expands into a panel containing questions commonly asked about the host web page.

By clicking on one of the common questions, a visitor receives the corresponding answer. The panel then shrinks back into a tab, allowing the visitor to continue with their web-based task, having received instant, self-service help with no typing and only a few clicks.

AnswerDash provides contextual, self-service help for websites, improving the online experience that businesses deliver to their customers. The research investigated web-scale analytics about questions that users have regarding website functionality and content. Seeing how the tool worked, they realized that providing instant answers to website visitors was not limited to an academic research setting; businesses could benefit by making the information their customers need available quickly and easily.

Upon making that realization, forming a company to commercialize their work was an obvious choice. An aortic aneurysm is a bulge that develops in the largest artery in the human body. Placement of endografts tubular stents that channel blood flow away from the aneurysm have become the preferred method of treatment. Unfortunately, many patients have branch arteries surrounding the aneurysm that do not allow for proper anchoring of an endograft. The AortaFit is the result of company founder and vascular surgeon Benjamin Starnes seeing a need and finding the solution.

As chief of vascular surgery at the University of Washington UW , specializing in the treatment of aortic disease, he was often frustrated with the lack of treatment options for patients with complex AAA disease. Starnes began to manually modify standard endografts to account for the branch arteries around aneurysms. His methodology was extremely effective and saved patients the trauma of open surgery, but it was very time consuming, expensive and required high level of expertise to perform.

Starnes began working with UW researchers to automate the process. Research institutions can use this system as a test-bed for new developments in surgical robotics. RAVEN is designed to be an extensible, robust, and programmable research tool to allow researchers in engineering, surgery, and computer science to experiment, innovate, and collaborate. In late , Applied Dexterity was founded to sell and provide ongoing support for the RAVEN systems, which are now installed in 18 laboratories worldwide.

Aptamers have shown great potential to replace antibodies in biosensors, point-of-care diagnostics, therapeutics, and all of the areas currently dominated by antibodies. The AlloSwitch concept was developed at Syracuse in collaboration with fellow chemistry professor Bruce Hudson as an ultrasensitive method to detect binding to the nucleocapsid protein from HIV Hudson and Borer had collaborated for many years in anti-AIDS research, however it became clear that AlloSwitch technology had wide application in contaminant sensing and drug discovery.

Farnam Jahanian and doctoral student G. The company boasts a 70 percent market share and customers around the world. In , Arbor Networks was named one of the twenty fastest growing private companies in North America. Learn more The company was launched in by University of Michigan computer science professor Dr. Jahanian serves as Chairman of the Board and Dr. Malan as Chief Technology Officer.

Earlier networking research was supported by grants from the National Science Foundation. In the s, Dr. The company is a spin-off from Dr. When it was founded in , ArmaGen signed a patent agreement with the University of California that gave the company exclusive license rights to pending and world-wide issued patents comprising a broad patent estate covering multiple technology platforms for the delivery to the brain, and other organs, of drugs, recombinant proteins, and non-viral gene medicines.

In so doing, the targeted proteins are eliminated and the cancer cell is no longer able to grow. In contrast, traditional drugs function as inhibitors, temporarily binding to and blocking the function of certain proteins. Biomedical The work conducted at Yale University was supported by research funding from the National Institutes of Health. The company addresses this critical issue across multiple diseases with therapies for ocular diseases, cancer, and tissue and organ transplant.

They use bioinformatics methods to design and develop new peptide drugs and the latest in biomaterials and drug delivery to design long-lasting biodegradable nano- and microparticles to deliver their therapeutic peptides to different locations in the body.

The first target for their novel drug delivery strategy is vision loss, specifically diabetic macular edema DME. They are additionally developing drugs for other indications including Neovascular wet Age-Related Macular Degeneration NVAMD , liver cancer, triple negative breast cancer, small cell lung cancer, brain cancer, and skin, limb, and organ transplant. AsclepiX Therapeutics is creating breakthrough next gen therapies for angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis diseases. Their desire to see their work move from the lab to helping patients, led them to create AsclepiX to further develop and commercialize their technology.

The company uses a proprietary technology platform to generate compounds that inhibit the Protein Kinase and Phosphatase family of proteins. Kinex Pharmaceuticals, now called Athenex, is developing next generation anti-cancer drugs that target the molecular basis of disease.

A second compound is in pre-clinical testing. Biomedical The original research conducted at University at Buffalo was supported with funding from the National Institutes of Health. Audyssey Laboratories has developed world class sound technologies for home, business and automotive use. Over the past 10 years Tom and Chris have conducted research in audio signal processing, acoustics, and psychoacoustics. The results of their interdisciplinary research have been published in more than technical journals and several books.

One of the most challenging problems that they addressed was the comprehensive understanding of the negative effects of room acoustics on sound reproduction. No other facility in the world had the scientific expertise and the resources to fundamentally examine and solve this problem. Learn more about their innovation here. Sunil Bharitkar, Philip Hilmes, Prof.

Tomlinson Holman, and Prof. The hybrid silicon photon integration platform the company is commercializing will enable a new generation of integrated photonic devices. Aurrion is a privately held company located in Santa Barbara, CA. Fang developed the hybrid silicon laser platform, demonstrating the first electrically pumped lasers on silicon.

Seth Donahue and researchers at Michigan Technological University thought it was a question worth asking. Aursos was founded in March of The company has licensed Dr. Why is it that, while humans begin to show reduced bone mass and strength after even short periods of inactivity, black bears can hibernate for up to seven months and emerge without any loss in bone mass or strength? Aursos is based upon patent-pending research discoveries from the laboratory of Dr.

Seth Donahue at Michigan Technological University. The company has continued to sponsor research and validation of the technology in Dr. Biomedical The research validating Dr. Aursos, with partner Proteos, Inc. This platform technology can be readily incorporated into existing coatings of virtually all types, greatly extending useful lifetimes in a number of industrial applications.

AMI's innovations translate to increased value for coatings producers and users alike. Recoating intervals are lengthened, minimizing labor costs and equipment downtime. Additionally, by extending coating lifetimes, environmental impact is minimized. Autonomic Materials AMI is focused on developing and commercializing breakthrough low-cost, self-healing polymer systems for high performance coatings and structural composites. Scott White, professor of aerospace engineering at the University of Illinois, founded Autonomic Materials in This multidisciplinary research team has been developing breakthrough technologies in the area of self-healing materials for a decade.

Indeed, the foam is so novel that within a few weeks of news announcing its intent to commercialize the technology, Auxadyne was contacted by top sporting equipment companies and companies making medical devices and ballistic vests. Department of Veterans Affairs to develop a product that could aid amputees with prosthetic limbs.

My invention solves those issues. Department of Veterans Affairs. Avid is working to develop novel molecular imaging agents that allow the detection of the earliest stages of these diseases, before clinical symptoms develop. Avid has demonstrated proof of mechanism in human trials with these agents.

These agents have the potential to revolutionize early diagnosis and monitoring of disease. In , Avid became a wholly owned subsidiary of Eli Lilly and Company, the 10th largest pharmaceutical company in the world. Avid is a clinical-stage, product-focused molecular imaging company with significant expertise and IP in the field of molecular brain imaging. Hank Kung at the University of Pennsylvania.

Every day, people suffer traumatic injuries or undergo surgical procedures that impact the function of their peripheral nerves. Peripheral nerves provide the pathways for both motor and sensory signals throughout the body and their damage can result in the loss of function and feeling. In order to improve surgical reconstruction and regeneration of peripheral nerves, AxoGen has developed and licensed patented and patent-pending technologies, which are used in its portfolio of products.

AxoGen is a regenerative medicine company focused on the science, development and commercialization of technologies for peripheral nerve regeneration and reconstruction to help patients suffering from traumatic injuries or undergoing surgeries that impact the function of their peripheral nerves.

Muir and his colleagues developed a technique for harvesting and treating nerve tissue from cadavers to remove cells and other tissue, leaving sterile hollow nerve channels through which the patient's own nerve can regenerate. In addition, Axonia Medical will pursue opportunities for use of TENGs as a direct neural interface for programmable machines and computers e. Axonia Medical is pioneering a revolutionary approach to repair and restore damaged peripheral or central nervous systems using tissue-engineered nerve grafts TENGs.

Axonia Medical leverages the ground-breaking discoveries by Dr. Douglas Smith at the University of Pennsylvania regarding the growth of nerve axons to produce 3-dimenstional tissue-engineered nerve grafts that can repair and restore damaged regions of the nervous system. Axonia Medical was formed by Dr. Biomedical The research that led to the technologies behind Axonia was supported with grants from the Department of Defense and the National Institutes of Health.

AzERx , a new company based on the research of three Arizona State University ASU professors, was formed in May to develop a drug that would be beneficial to people who have suffered a specific type of stroke induced by a subarachnoid hemorrhage in the brain. In February , the company was acquired by OrthoLogic, Inc. OrthoLogic is today known as Capstone Therapeutics. Arizona Engineered Therapeutics Inc. The primary compound of AzERx is based on the research of Dr.

Fulton School of Engineering. Their AZX is a novel synthetic pre-clinical amino acid peptide, one of a new class of compounds in the field of smooth muscle relaxation and fibrosis. AZX is currently being evaluated for commercially significant medical applications such as the treatment of pulmonary disease, the prevention of hypertrophic and keloid scarring and intimal hyperplasia. Capstone has an exclusive worldwide license to AZX The company creates innovative space solutions, enables more accurate weather forecasts, drives insightful observations of the planet, delivers actionable data and intelligence, and ensures that those who defend freedom go forward bravely and return home safely.

Ball Aerospace pioneers discoveries that enable customers to perform beyond expectation and protect what matters most. During the early days of the space program, Ed Ball hired R. Arthur Gaiser as director of research and product development in These early leaders were intent on pursuing government contract research to connect the company with a larger pool of scientific manpower and receive follow-on benefits from the resulting manufacturing process experience.

David Stacey, to evaluate a weighing device that the company was developing. Stacey was named technical director, bringing six CU colleagues with him. Today Ball Aerospace continues to have strong ties to CU, partnering on research, offering learning opportunities for students and providing career opportunities for many CU grads. Banyan Biomarkers is the leader in developing blood test-based diagnostic products for the detection of traumatic brain injury TBI.

Detecting these biomarkers will provide the indications of brain trauma essential for earlier intervention and management. Accurate and early diagnosis in acute care environments can significantly simplify decisions about patient management including whether to admit, discharge or to administer other time consuming, expensive and often inaccurate diagnostic tests including computed tomography CT and magnetic resonance imaging MRI scans. Simple, rapid diagnostic tools will immensely facilitate allocation of the medical resources required to treat TBI and other brain injuries in military cobat and civilian emergencies.

There is currently no simple point-of-care blood test that emergency room physicians can use to establish whether a patient has brain trauma, or how severe it is. These programs have focused on neuroproteomic approaches for identifying potential brain injury biomarkers, and the use of animal models and clinical studies to reveal relationships between biomarkers and brain injury. These studies have produced an extensive pipeline of potential biomarkers which have been licensed to Banyan Biomarkers.

Biomedical The enabling research was focused on developing a fast way for military doctors to diagnose traumatic brain injury in the field and was funded by the Department of Defense. Until then, they are focused on improving treatment for people with diabetes. The founders of Beta Bionics hope that there will one day be a cure for diabetes. Boston University professor Ed Damiano, along with Firas El-Khatib, Ed Raskin, Serafina Raskin and Gibb Clark, founded Beta Bionics in as a public benefit corporation committed to serving in the best interest of people with type 1 diabetes and their families.

Beta Bionics hopes to have its first product on the market by the end of BioFront Technologies provides kits and services that enable the detection of food allergens and infectious diseases. Department of Agriculture-funded research in the lab of Dr. Kenneth Roux to develop monoclonal antibodies for use in identifying and characterizing major allergenic proteins in tree nuts. His research has been continuously funded by the National Institutes of Health for more than two decades and has also been supported by funding from the Environmental Protection Agency.

BioMarck recently announced that the United States Patent and Trademark Office issued the company two new patents enhancing its intellectual property portfolio in support of its current lead drug for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

The company is also collaborating with commercialization partners for nearer-term applications. The affordability, speed and simplicity of the technology are expected to make the routine use of genetic information feasible for genetic diagnostics, personalized medicine and biomedical research.

BioResource International BRI is a global biotechnology company focused on the discovery and development of enzymes to enhance and protect animal and human health.

Research conducted by Dr. John Shih of the Department of Poultry Science at North Carolina State University resulted in several inventions related to improving animal health and nutrition.

When Dick came home to the empty townhouse, he was livid. He immediately had Barbara charged with the theft of their furniture. It had been three years since the blonde beauty had moved to Texas to be with her handsome millionaire lover.

Now he was charging her with theft. Away from Dick, she taught aerobics classes to support herself and continued her studies at the University of Houston. She also instituted "common law" proceedings against Dick, claiming some portion of his assets, while he continued to press the theft charges against her. Always, in the back of her mind was the thought that Dick would punish her for leaving him.

She made her purchase and returned to her red Firebird. A man leaned into the vehicle's open window, brandishing a revolver. She turned away, attempting to duck. The man shot four times.

All four slugs tore into Barbara's back. By sheer chance, two officers were driving by in their patrol car. One actually witnessed the shooting. They saw the gunman jump into a Cadillac driven by a second man. The officers gave chase and at the same time radioed for an ambulance. After a short chase, the Caddy crashed into a pole. The two men ran away on foot.

Hitmen Patrick Steen and Nathaniel Ivery were apprehended while hiding in a nearby field. Meanwhile, Barbara was undergoing emergency surgery, which saved her life. Two of the bullets had severed her spinal cord.

She had no feeling from the waist down and was told she would never walk again. She would be confined to a wheelchair for the rest of her life. Steen and Ivery told detectives they had been hired by a man calling himself Bob Anderson to kill or paralyze Barbara Piotrowski. They had no idea why she was to be assassinated. Anderson had provided them with the Cadillac. Both men were convicted to 35 year sentences. Dick Minns has never been criminally charged with the shooting. He has continually failed to appear in court, but is represented by high-priced lawyers.

It is believed that he has divested himself of all his U. We reported on the tragic life of white actress Barbara Payton a few months ago but what few people know the following information which is conveniently not included in any of her online biographies nor a book based on her life. The words "notorious," "infamous," and "flamboyant" have all been used to describe Hollywood beauty Barbara Payton.

When the interracial rumors surfaced, Barbara allegedly made the statement, 'So what if I am seeing Woody, I love black people and you can quote me! Shortly after making this statement, her roles dried up and she was blackballed from the industry. From to , there were several skirmishes with the law-passing bad checks, public drunkenness, mental illness, drug abuse, and, ultimately, prostitution.

Hollywood destroyed Barbara Payton. In , after failed efforts to curb her drinking, she moved in with her parents in San Diego in an attempt to dry out.

On May 8, , Payton died at her parents' home; the cause of death was heart and liver failure. Most people who are interested in UFOs will know about the Roswell Incident, in which an alien spacecraft allegedly crashed in New Mexico in But there have been many other well-documented cases of alleged UFO crashes, and one of these cases is known as the Berwy Mountains UFO crash, which took place in Wales in January Dozens of witnesses across Lancashire and Cheshire had phoned the police earlier that evening after seeing a strange formation of green lights flying erratically over the skies of the north-west.

Police immediately converged on the Berwyn Mountains, expecting to find a crashed passenger jet, but just what they did find has never been divulged.

A convoy of army trucks passed through Chester that night and made their way to the epicentre of the crash site, then the army cordoned off the area.

Even the police and crash investigators were warned off. A nurse who lived near the scene of the impact told a local newspaper that a flying saucer 'the size of the Albert Hall' had smashed into a mountain, throwing debris and bodies for over a mile.

She said she walked up to one of the bodies, and realized it wasn't human, but before she could describe what she had seen, the military intervened, and two Ministry of Defense officials ordered her to remain silent about the UFO because her comments 'would constitute a threat to national security and the defense of the realm'.

That nurse has never been seen in the area since, and the news reporter who visited the scene of the alleged crash refused to talk about the incident up until his death in In , an electronics engineer named Arthur Adams, who had worked on Concorde, visited the Berwyn UFO crash-site and found strange green colored pieces of metal embedded in the rocks there.

He took samples of the metal to his laboratory and discovered that a sample the size of a 1-inch cube gave off two kilowatts of electricity, when wired up to a volt meter. Mr Adams contacted the Daily Express, and they published a series of articles about the strange find, but the Ministry of Defense stepped in and killed the story. Today, no one knows what crashed in the Welsh Mountains on that winter night in ; some think it was an experimental man-made top secret military aircraft possibly a prototype Stealth bomber , others think it was an alien craft from another world.

If so, what happened to the bodies that were seen scattered all over the mountain after the crash? This case is a real life X File. In December, , a down and out Hungarian named Reszo Seress was trying to make a living as a songwriter in Paris, but kept failing miserably. All of his compositions failed to impress the music publishers of France, but Seress carried on chasing his dream nevertheless. He was determined to become an internationally famous songwriter. His girlfriend had constant rows with him over the insecurity of his ambitious life.

She urged him to get a full-time 9 to 5 job, but Seress was uncompromising. He told her he was to be a songwriter or a hobo, and that was that.

One afternoon, things finally came to a head. Seress and his fiancee had a fierce row over his utter failure as a composer, and the couple parted with angry words. On the day after the row - which happened to be a Sunday - Seress sat at the piano in his apartment, gazing morosely through the window at the Parisian skyline.

Outside, storm-clouds gathered in the grey sky, and soon the heavy rain began to pelt down. That will be the title of my new song. Thirty minutes later he had completed the song. Seress sent his composition off to a music publisher and waited for acceptance with a lot more hope than he usually had in his heart.

A few days later, the song-sheet was returned with a rejection note stapled to it that stated: The song was sent off again to another publisher, and this time it was accepted. The music publisher told Seress that his song would soon be distributed to all the major cities of the world. The young Hungarian was ecstatic. But a few months after Gloomy Sunday was printed, there were a spate of strange occurrences that were allegedly sparked off by the new song. In Berlin, a young man requested a band to play Gloomy Sunday, and after the number was performed, the man went home and blasted himself in the head with a revolver after complaining to relatives that he felt severely depressed by the melody of a new song which he couldn't get out of his head.

That song was Gloomy Sunday. A week later in the same city, a young female shop assistant was found hanging from a rope in her flat. Police who investigated the suicide found a copy of the sheet-music to Gloomy Sunday in the dead girl's bedroom.

Two days after that tragedy, a young secretary in New York gassed herself, and in a suicide note she requested Gloomy Sunday to be played at her funeral.

Weeks later, another New Yorker, aged 82, jumped to his death from the window of his seventh-storey apartment after playing the 'deadly' song on his piano. Around the same time, a teenager in Rome who had heard the unlucky tune jumped off a bridge to his death. The newspapers of the world were quick to report other deaths associated with Seress's song.

One newspaper covered the case of a woman in North London who had been playing a 78 recording of Gloomy Sunday at full volume, infuriating and frightening her neighbours, who had read of the fatalities supposedly caused by the tune.

The stylus finally became trapped in a groove, and the same piece of the song played over and over. The neighbours hammered on the woman's door but there was no answer, so they forced the door open - only to find the woman dead in her chair from an overdose of barbiturates.

As the months went by, a steady stream of bizarre and disturbing deaths that were alleged to be connected to Gloomy Sunday persuaded the chiefs at the BBC to ban the seemingly accursed song from the airwaves. Back in France, Reszo Seress, the man who had composed the controversial song, was also to experience the adverse effects of his creation. He wrote to his ex-fiancee, pleading for a reconciliation. But several days later came the most awful, shocking news.

Seress learned from the police that his sweetheart had poisoned herself. And by her side, a copy of the sheet music to Gloomy Sunday was found. At the end of the s, when the world was plunged into the war against Hitler, Seress's inauspicious song was quickly forgotten in the global turmoil.

In the February issue of Essence magazine with Tyler Perry on the cover they have an article inside, titled: Higher, even, than some countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Some estimates indicate that one black woman is infected every 8 hours 3 women per day in the District of Columbia and surrounding areas.

Black woman account for 90 percent of new cases. Wilhemina Olley 47, above, is the picture of good health. One winter, her life changed. She recalls, "I caught a bug, and I just couldn't get rid of it. Three days later, she learned she just wasn't dealing with a cold, she was HIV-positive.

She had been with the same man for 19 years, 11 of those married. Olley had but one thought: Her man's history of past drug abuse was the reason she'd become infected but when her husband's test results came back negative she was forced to take stock of her own complicated sexual history. While in her twenties, before she and her husband were married, she strayed outside the relationship. Despite having unprotected sex with her husband for 19 years before she tested positive her husband yet to contract the disease from her.

Olley said she was naive regarding condoms because she didn't think anything bad would happen to her. According to health officials, this kind of thinking is all too familiar to workers at clinics across the district.

On the night Marilyn Monroe died, an ambulance attendant said, "As me and my partner were about to place Marilyn in the ambulance, an "unidentified" male individual came towards us, he then injected Marilyn into the heart, claiming he was a doctor.

It's been suppressed but Marilyn Monroe was allegedly bi-sexual on a sporadic basis and she allegedly experimented with love techniques on her girlfriends before trying them on men. After Marilyn told her friends she planned to hold a press conference to reveal the "high powered" father of her aborted fetus, mob boss Sam Giancana was quoted as saying, "This is one dangerous dame.

Austin adds, "Three mob hit men were involved. The night Marilyn's body was found, her diary containing her secrets and affairs was checked into evidence.

The very next day, not only had the diary disappeared from the office, but its very existence had been erased from the inventory. Austin says, "The diary was retrieved, sent to Washington and destroyed.

These gatekeepers make most of their money from people who are willing to make mega-bucks payoffs so they won't have to wait in line with the masses to see big-name shows. These parlors also feature model type hostesses and waitresses.

The menu includes Dom Perignon, prime rib, lobster, crab legs, etc. Gene Anthony Ray would emerge victorious. Baker may have been the most elegant, sensational and glamorous black female entertainer in history. She was once the richest black woman in the world at her peak and she would arrive in her dressing room accompanied by trained cheetahs on jewel leashes. The animals were well trained. Baker was also an unconventional woman who took up golfing in the 's.

At that time, she was the only African-American woman in the world to play on European golf courses. A young Billie Holiday was touring with Artie Shaw and his band. Band members had to smuggle her out of the theater. Lipstick lesbian supermodel Gia Carangi, 1st photo portrayed by Angelina Jolie in the film "Gia," was one of the first women to die of AIDS due to intravenous drug use.

What few people know and what wasn't shown in the movie: Gia was so strung out on heroin, she often shot up before walking the runway. On a few occasions, blood could be seen dripping from her arm while she pranced the runway. Due to this complication and other AIDS factors, she bled to death. Despite dying in , 22 years ago, none of Gia's numerous female lovers have ever tested positive for HIV. For years, rumors circulated about an affair between black actress Fredi Washington 2nd photo and Duke Ellington.

Washington achieved fame starring in the original, "Imitation Of Life," alongside White actress Claudette Colbert. Ellington became the love of her life. Drawn to his looks and intelligence, his talent and sophistication, as he no doubt was attracted to the same characteristics in her, Washington had a discreet but passionate affair with him. Yet, Washington hopes that he would leave his wife never materialized. At one point, she left the country to get over Ellington.

She got on a boat and went to Paris to nurse her heartache. When she returned, Duke had taken up with a friend of hers. Marvelyn Brown, a former top track and basketball star, was young, beautiful, in the best shape of her life, and in love.

Now as a year-old, Brown's new memoir, ''The Naked Truth: I was 19 years old, a normal teenager who'd met a guy that I really liked. We had unprotected sex. It only took one time, one impulsive moment, and my life was forever changed. Rather than looking forward to what should have been the "hey day" of my twenties, I was given a death sentence. Suddenly, many of the people I loved and who'd cared about me were afraid to touch me, hug me, kiss me.

Many refused to believe I was HIV positive, so the topic was avoided altogether. To be able to look in the mirror and state the truth, what is fact, that I am HIV positive, was a major step for me.

And no matter how negatively the world views this virus, I will always love myself, no matter what. One of my chief concerns is that HIV-positive people may not pick up the book because they are fearful their own HIV status will be revealed by merely purchasing or reading the book. I also fear that HIV-negative people may look at the book and feel sorry for me. Or worst, not read the book at all because they feel HIV is not an issue for them.

Titan-haired Rita Hayworth who immortalized herself in the film "Gilda," allegedly lost her virginity to her father, Eduardo Cansino. Hayworth was such a ravishing beauty that her World War II pinup photo was pasted on the first atomic bomb by GI's to hit Hiroshima in Hayworth was also victimized by her first husband, Edward Judson, who pimped her out to men to further her career.

Sadly, Hayworth was diagnosed with Alzheimer's before her death. She said she first realized something was wrong when she got out of an elevator and couldn't remember which way to go. Underrated actor Steve McQueen may have been the most powerful leading man in history. If a screenwriter has writers block during a rewrite on the set of a movie and decides to fly in an Academy Award winning or nominated writer via private jet to complete the rewrite or to write a suitable ending.

Just being nominated and not winning an Academy Award can jack your fees up to six figures. Clark Gable's wife Carol Lombard heard whispers that Gable was carrying on an affair on the set of his film. With her mother in tow, she decided to cut a hometown trip short. Just as she was boarding the flight, she stopped in her tracks when she saw the numbers on the plane. Lombard was into numerology and those number spelled disaster.

Despite her misgivings, she boarded the plane. The plane would crash killing all 22 passengers. Clark Gable would always blame himself for her death. The fortune teller told her she would experience great success and fortune "BUT" you will also suffer great tragedy. Funicello won success in the beach blanket movies with Frankie Avalon and she started off on Disney.

Funicello is now suffering from a severe case of multiple sclerosis and is confined to a wheelchair. The names of 13 serial killers including: There's no car 13 in Formula 1 racing since two drivers were killed with vehicles bearing that number.

In March , a young woman applied for the job of maid-servant at a house in Islington Square, Liverpool, England. Her application was accepted, for although she was dressed rather shabbily, the girl had a honest and likeable face. Her name was Hannah Brade. Hannah's employer-a widowed woman who lived with her only daughter and young son - initially assumed that the girl was from the 'lower' classes, but on many occasions during the maid-servant's two years of service in the household, the widow was intrigued by Hannah's behaviour.

Whenever strangers visited the house, Hannah would become very nervous for some reason, and seemed to be dreading the arrival of someone she didn't want to meet. It seemed that as soon as the maid saw that the visitors were no threat and did not recognise her for who she really was, she would go about her business with regained confidence. Sometimes the mask slipped. One day when the widow and her children returned home from a day out earlier than expected, and they were intrigued to hear the euphonious notes of Beethoven's Moonlight Sonata emanating from the house.

It turned out to be Hannah, sitting at the piano in the drawing room. When she suddenly noticed the widow and her children looking on in amazement, Hannah stopped playing and started dusting the ivories, red with embarrassment. When questioned about her musical talent, Hannah skilfully steered the conversation away from the question. The mysterious maid also refused to reveal how she had acquired her knowledge of medicine when she successfully treated the widow's son when he went down with a serious fever.

Within days he made a full recovery. The family doctor, who had told the widow to expect the worst outcome for her sick son, was baffled at the boy's return to health, and was most curious to learn the ingredients of Hannah's top-secret remedy. On another occasion, the widow's daughter found Hannah's exquisitely-executed pencil sketch of a rustic cottage crumpled up in a bin. There was no end to the girl's achievements.

Another accomplishment was Hannah's command of several foreign languages. One day at a market in the town, a German was asking for directions in broken English, and Hannah, thinking her employer was out of earshot, began to converse fluently with the German in his native tongue.

Hannah was also heard to sing in French one morning while she made breakfast. Hannah soon became the talk of the town.

Who was she hiding from? She was obviously from a high-class home; how else could she have acquired such a comprehensive education? Was she hiding from justice because she'd committed a crime? There were so many questions, but alas, no one ever got to find out. One morning, the widow was sad to find that Hannah had packed and left the household. Everyone the girl had come into contact with missed her tremendously, especially the widow's children, who were literally heartbroken by the maid's departure.

Then two months later, a package arrived at the widow's home containing a number of expensive gifts. They were from Hannah. But no one ever heard of Hannah Brade again. The questions remain; who was she? Why did she adopt the disguise of a maid-servant? Was she merely a young woman from the upper echelons of society, sampling the life of the working class?

To spend two years seeing how the other half lives would be some feat of stoical endurance to a young girl accustomed to the luxuries of the well-to-do. We'll probably never know why a beautiful and educated young woman had to hide behind the apron of a maid-servant. Until now, the earliest, undisputed cases of AIDS were from the late 's and s and involved a sailor from Manchester named David Carr who was thought to have been the first person to die from AIDS.

However the results of this study were overturned in by a US medical team that concluded that David Carr had actually not been HIV-positive. One of the original researchers subsequently admitted that his samples had probably been contaminated.

There was also a case in the 60's involving members of a family in Norway. This means the first definite identification of HIV comes from a blood sample taken in from a patient in Kinshasa first paragraph , then the capital of the Belgian Congo.

History excluded him because of his race, this is a small portion of his story! On December 27, , the New York Times headlines read: The trouble began when Chief Marshal Leggett and other deputies tried to arrest Bob Brewer no photo available , the notorious negro outlaw and fugitive.

Brewer was a bank robber and gambler and sometimes shared his money with the less fortunate. When the deputies approached, Brewer raised his gun and shot down Marshal Barnhill. Brewer also shot Marshal Leggett in both legs. Brewer and his crew of 12 Negro men fled after the shootings into the McMillian swamp.

The white posse followed and Brewer took out another man with a head shot. News spread throughout town and whites retaliated by going to the jail house and opening fire, killing two black prisoners. They also forced blacks out of their homes and another posse went to Brewer's mother's nearby home, to lie in wait, in case he showed up. Whites made it known, if Brewer was captured with his men, hiding out in the swamps, it would be a mass lynching the following day.

Unfortunately, we don't know the outcome of this story. This is the only information we were able to find on Bob Brewer. Edwin Booth was John Wilkes Booth's brother. Unlike John Wilkes, Edwin supported the Union. This was one reason that the two were not very close during the Civil War. Like John Wilkes, however, Edwin was an actor. In fact, Edwin was the better known of the two and one of the most famous actors in the country at the time of the assassination.

In , he was a 17 year old student at Harvard where he stayed for most of the war. It was not until that he joined General Grant's staff as a captain. Robert was on holiday from school and on his way from New York to Washington. The event occurred late one night when Robert was purchasing tickets from the conductor. The conductor stood on the station platform near the train, and it so happened that Robert was accidentally pushed towards the train by the crowd.

Just then, the train began to move and Robert lost his balance. That caused him to fall into the space between the train and the station platform. If it had not been for Edwin Booth, who grabbed Robert by the collar and pulled him back onto the platform, Robert probably would have fallen onto the tracks and would have been seriously injured or even killed by the oncoming train. Robert recognized Edwin right away, thanked him for his quick action and introduced himself.

Both men apparently realized the significance of Edwin's actions because they both spoke and wrote about it several times during the rest of their lives, especially after Edwin's brother murdered Robert's father. Edwin was crushed by the assassination, but his one comfort was knowing that he personally had once saved the life of a Lincoln.

Although the two never met again, Robert often spoke about his gratitude to Edwin and how he wished him well. Anneliese Michel September 21, — July 1, was a German Catholic woman 1st photo who was said to be possessed by demons and subsequently underwent an exorcism.

Anneliese experienced what is recognized by medical professionals as severe psychiatric disturbances from the age of 16 to her death, at age 23, as a direct or indirect result of an exorcism ritual.

Both priests who performed the exorcism and Anneliese's parents were convicted of negligent homicide. The Catholic Church, which had authorized the exorcism, reversed its position and declared Anneliese Michel a case of mental illness.

Many people believe she was genuinely possessed by demons, and her gravesite is a destination for pilgrims to this day. While others may view the stories about Warren G.

Harding's black ancestry as rumor, Marsha Stewart sees it as fact. Stewart, a year-old black woman who teaches at a high school in suburban Detroit, is a fifth cousin to the 29th president, according to her family history. Her book, "Warren Harding U. Death By Blackness," details her family connection to Harding. She traces their common ancestors back to the black settlers of Isabella, Montcalm and Mecosta counties in central Michigan.

Warren Harding's immediate family remained in Ohio, but other branches moved to Michigan, according to Mrs. Stewart, who said those are the Hardings from whom she is descended. He attended the funeral, and he left. She said she has been contacted by Warren Harding's grandchildren and great-grandchildren several times. While Warren Harding never really denied he may have had black ancestors, he never declared himself black.

When asked why she believes her cousin never did so, Mrs. Stewart said, "Because we live in America. To be a true American, [you can't be] black even though we've been here for centuries. That's just the truth. Ricky Bell, first photo, was the younger brother of recording artist Archie Bell, second photo center.

He was a former football player who played running back for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers and San Diego Chargers from to Bell played football collegiately at USC. He led the nation in rushing as a junior in with 1, yards. Bell was the runner-up for the Heisman Trophy as a senior in to Tony Dorsett after finishing third in the voting in as a junior. Ricky Bell was quoted as saying, "My mother always taught me to help others.

He also befriended handicapped kids and often gave them tickets to the game and he donated money to numerous charities. In the early 80's, Bell was diagnosed with a fatal illness which caused fatigue. Despite the diagnosis, Bell continued to host various charities to aid others until he became bedridden.

Sadly, in , Ricky Bell died of heart failure caused by dermatomyositis, he was His body was found hanging at a Concord Bart station under very mysterious circumstances. An even more strange twist to this story occurred a year later when an African American female investigative reporter trying to uncover the case was also found 'suicided' at the same Concord Bart station. The two deaths were covered up despite local outrage. The coverup continues, not one mention of this case is in the google search engine.

Hoffman from "Jet Magazine," recently did a fascinating article on Elon Bomani above , titled: After a separation from her husband, Elon Bomani and her newborn son moved into a women's shelter. She says, "I found myself homeless because I had given up my power. I bought into the idea that men were better at math than women even though I had graduated with two degrees.